Saturday, April 25, 2009

Saturday Feature ~ Interesting Facts of Famous Artists

Full view (8,9Kb) Michelangelo`s (1475 - 1564) sculptures owe their realism and beauty of proportions not only to the many sketches of nature made by the artist. What was also very important were the autopsies, which Michaelangelo secretly performed. He had to keep them secret, as in those days performing autopsies was considered a crime. It was however the only opportunity to conquer the secrets of anatomy of the human body. Autopsies were also performed by other artists living in the Renaissance period, such as Leonardo da Vinci. We know this thanks to the notes and drawings he left behind.

How widely the process of creation can be understood you will able to see from the statement of Yves Klein (1928 - 1962), who is the author of his famous blue paintings, so-called Monochromes and IKB International Klein Blue: "Lying one day on the beach I began to feel hatred towards birds, which were flying in my beautiful, cloudless sky, as they were trying to make holes in the biggest and most beautiful of my works".

In the days when paint couldn't be bought in a shop, painters (or their assistants) had to make paint themselves. There existed certain rules (often kept a secret), according to which paints were produced. There is a rumor that Rembrandt (1606 - 1669) obtained his shiny red color by adding crushed rubies to the dye.

Jackson Pollock (1912 - 1956) hardly ever fastened a canvas on a stretcher. He preferred to tighten it to the hard surface of a wall or place it on the floor. He said that when he does so it feels as if he is closer to the painting, he becomes part of it, he can walk around it, work from all four sides, practically "enter" his painting. In place of an easel, palette or brush he used palette-knives, sticks, knives, liquid, leaking paint or thick paint mixed with sand, broken glass and other substances not generally used in painting.
Salvador Dali (1904 - 1989) was inspired (like many other surrealists) by dreams, interpretations made by the mind and any sorts of deformations, for which he searched methodically and fully aware in regions of psychical disturbances and pathological symptoms. He claimed that when contemplating something it is possible to find its second state.

Collage is a new method, introduced in painting in the year 1912 by two outstanding artists - Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973) and George Braque (1882 1963). From the moment artists started to discover its virtues they began involving sand in their paintings, as well as pieces of cloth or wood, unusual objects in art, such as cards, match boxes, tobacco containers and others. All this enriched the structure of a painting by new elements.


Hollyrocks said...

What a fascinating post! My favorite tidbit was that Rembrandt may have used crushed rubies in his paint. I love the idea of having gemstone dust mixed into an already fabulous work of art.

starrynightimpressions said...

I love your post today, as always!
Have you ever seen the movie "Pollock" with Ed Harris? It was in the theatre years ago, but I went by myself and just loved it!!
Sad life but wonderful too.
My daughter was just telling about Michaelangelo and the corpse thing the other day. eeeek
thanks for the artist talk :)

Denise said...

Deborah - I did see Pollack, and "Surviving Picasso" is also a good one. And of course there is the "Girl with the Pearl earring". Did I miss any ;) When will they do one on Van Gogh. That would be a most interesting film!